Canlyniadau 1–20 o 330 ar gyfer speaker:Miriam Cates

Written Answers — Department of Health and Social Care: Kooth: Mental Health Services (24 Mai 2024)

Miriam Cates: To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, what recent assessment she has made of (a) the effectiveness of the Kooth mental health app for tackling children's mental health problems, (b) the value for money of that app and (c) whether that app meets her Department's safeguarding expectations.

Political Violence and Disruption: Walney Report (22 Mai 2024)

Miriam Cates: I welcome the report and thank Lord Walney for his excellent work. It contains 78 references to social media, which of course has been instrumental in allowing extremists not only to organise but to spread their message. The social media algorithms reward radicalism, fake news and division. Lord Walney makes some excellent recommendations, but does the Minister agree that it is the anonymity...

Science, Innovation and Technology: Digital Exclusion (22 Mai 2024)

Miriam Cates: The impact of the digital world on our lives is growing every day, but we do not yet know enough about the consequences for society, democracy or, indeed, our children, because the data held by tech companies is not visible to the Government, regulators, researchers or the public. Will my hon. Friend update the House on measures to open up access to this data, and will he commit Government...

Defence: Topical Questions (20 Mai 2024)

Miriam Cates: It is of huge strategic interest to Britain and the west that Israel prevails against Hamas and their funders in Iran. The Foreign Secretary was right to state last week that ending military exports to Israel would embolden Hamas and Iran. Does my hon. Friend agree that such a move would both harm UK defence interests and disadvantage our own armed forces, who rely on Israeli-made battlefield...

Women and Equalities: Topical Questions (15 Mai 2024)

Miriam Cates: Some sporting bodies have interpreted the Equality Act 2010 in such a way that they believe they cannot lawfully ban males who identify as girls or women from competing in women’s sport. Does my right hon. Friend agree that that interpretation is not correct and that it is lawful to exclude all males from female sport to achieve safety and fairness for women and girls?

Smartphones and Social Media: Children — [Sir George Howarth in the Chair] (14 Mai 2024)

Miriam Cates: I thank all hon. Members who have contributed so compellingly to the debate. I am hugely encouraged by the strength of feeling and the unanimity in the Chamber. I want to make a final point: this is not a debate about liberty, freedom, parenting or technology; it is a debate about child development. The human brain is not wired to learn from passive consumption; it is wired to learn from...

Smartphones and Social Media: Children — [Sir George Howarth in the Chair] (14 Mai 2024)

Miriam Cates: I thank my hon. Friend for his reassuring insistence that he will look into the data. The US Surgeon General, who recently visited Parliament, made the point that, if social media or smartphones were a drug, they would be immediately withdrawn from the market because of the harm they are reputed to cause. Even if the full causality is not as established as the Minister wants, is the evidence...

Smartphones and Social Media: Children — [Sir George Howarth in the Chair] (14 Mai 2024)

Miriam Cates: I commend the hon. Lady for her knowledge and dedication, but is it not the case that even parents as diligent as her find that teenagers can bypass these controls? Even if our children do not have access to a device, they can easily be shown the most harmful of material on the school bus. Is this not actually about child development, and whether a child has the brain development to be able...

Smartphones and Social Media: Children — [Sir George Howarth in the Chair] (14 Mai 2024)

Miriam Cates: I beg to move, That this House has considered the impact of smartphones and social media on children. In this country, we often take the physical safety of our children for granted, but imagine if our streets were so lawless that it was unsafe for children to leave their homes. Imagine if, on their daily walk to school, our children had to witness the beheading of strangers or the violent...

Smartphones and Social Media: Children — [Sir George Howarth in the Chair] (14 Mai 2024)

Miriam Cates: I deeply thank my hon. Friend and I will come later in my speech to some of the improvements that he himself made to the Online Safety Bill. As well as being more susceptible to visual social comparison, girls are more susceptible to sociogenic transmission or what we might call social contagion, which explains the acute impact of trans ideology on girls. We have seen a 5,000% rise in...

Smartphones and Social Media: Children — [Sir George Howarth in the Chair] (14 Mai 2024)

Miriam Cates: My hon. Friend is right. It is hugely significant that those who really know how these apps and algorithms work firmly believe that they are not safe for children. When asked if the iPad was addictive, Steve Jobs famously remarked that he assumed so because he had designed it to be so. On the causal links between social media and smartphones and the decline in childhood wellbeing, Jonathan...

Smartphones and Social Media: Children — [Sir George Howarth in the Chair] (14 Mai 2024)

Miriam Cates: My hon. Friend is right. There is a problem of collective action: the costs of being the only child or the only parent without that phone are too high—far too high for ordinary parents to resist. I will come to what I see as some of the solutions later, but he is absolutely right to highlight that issue. Even if the material being viewed is benign, smartphones and social media are highly...

Smartphones and Social Media: Children — [Sir George Howarth in the Chair] (14 Mai 2024)

Miriam Cates: My hon. Friend is completely right, of course. Studying this topic has made me think more carefully about my phone use. Seeing some of the apps that try to disrupt my concentration as big companies trying to take my time is a helpful way to look at it. As with alcohol, drugs and all sorts of other things, we need to recognise that there is a difference between adults and children. Adults...

Smartphones and Social Media: Children — [Sir George Howarth in the Chair] (14 Mai 2024)

Miriam Cates: My hon. Friend is right that much more research is needed on the wider impacts. I believe a study was published just yesterday about the correlation between using a phone while eating and obesity, for example. There are a whole range of different issues that we could explore and I highly recommend Jonathan Haidt’s book, “The Anxious Generation”, for a thorough exploration of all the...

UK Trade Performance ( 1 Mai 2024)

Miriam Cates: Like all of my colleagues, I warmly welcome my right hon. Friend’s statement, and very much welcome her focus on the balance of trade. We do not talk enough about that; we forget that until 1997, this country had a broadly neutral or positive balance of trade, but between 1997 and 2010, that balance went very negative. We have struggled to restore that balance, which has made us dependent...

Cass Review (15 Ebr 2024)

Miriam Cates: I warmly welcome the Cass review and its findings, and the extraordinarily strong statement made by my right hon. Friend. I have no doubt that what happened at GIDS—the Gender Identity Development Service—will go down as one of the worst safeguarding and medical scandals of our generation. I pay tribute to the brave parents, including those in the Bayswater support group, who have been...

Home Department: Net Migration (15 Ebr 2024)

Miriam Cates: What recent progress his Department has made on reducing net migration.

Home Department: Net Migration (15 Ebr 2024)

Miriam Cates: I thank my right hon. Friend for his answer, but one of the main drivers of immigration over the past 20 years or so has been labour shortages caused by falling birth rates. According to projections by Philip Pilkington and Paul Morland, if birth rates do not increase, immigration will have to rise to over a third of the population over the next 50 years if we are going to maintain a...

Extremism Definition and Community Engagement (14 Maw 2024)

Miriam Cates: I absolutely support my right hon. Friend’s aims in making the statement, in terms of protecting our democracy and protecting us from violence and the kind of terrorist threats we have seen over recent weeks, but I share the concerns that many hon. Members have raised. In separating the definition of extremism from actual violence and harm, and in using terms like “fundamental rights”,...

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